Komunitas Penggemar Catur Seluruh Indonesia




Penulis Topik: Sejarah Asal Usul Permainan Catur  (Dibaca 8112 kali)

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Sejarah Asal Usul Permainan Catur
« pada: Pebruari 05, 2010, 08:32:18 AM »
Permainan catur menurut Wikipedia pertama kali ditemukan di masyarakat Persia dan Arab. Kata "catur" itu sendiri berasal dari kata "chaturanga," yang dalam bahasa Sanskrit berarti "empat divisi ketentaraan."

Catur kemudian menyebar ke seluruh dunia dengan pelbagai varian permainan sampai kemudian kita kenal seperti sekarang.

Permainan ini awalnya menyebar sampai ke Timur Jauh dan India dan menjadi salah satu pelajaran di keluarga kerajaan dan ningrat Persia. Pemuka agama Budha, pedagang yang lalu-lalang di Jalan Sutra mulai memperkenalkan papan catur untuk permainan ini.

Chaturanga masuk ke Eropa melalui Kejaraan Byzantine Persia, dan menyebar ke Kekaisaran Arab. Pemeluk agama Islam kemudian membawa catur ke Afrika Utara, Sisilia, dan Spanyol pada abad ke-10.

Permainan ini kemudian menjadi populer di Eropa. Dan, pada akhir abad 15, permainan ini lolos dari daftar permainan yang dilarang Gereja. Pada abad modern mulai lahir buku-buku referensi catur, kemudian penggunaan jam catur, serta sejumlah aturan permainan dan pemain-pemain hebat.




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Re:Sejarah Asal Usul Permainan Catur
« Jawab #1 pada: Pebruari 05, 2010, 07:43:57 PM »
Nemu dalam bhs inggris :
The History of Chess

 

Chess is the oldest game in the world. Today, chess is one of the world's most popular games, played by millions of people worldwide. Some people play chess games online, others go to chess clubs and others play the game chess in tournaments.

 

The history of the game of chess - chess was played many centuries ago in India, China, and Persia.  It is thought that chess originated in what is now northern India or Afghanistan sometime before 6OO AD, but no one knows for sure.

Somewhere between the eighth and tenth century, an army of Arabs known as Moors invaded Persia. The army learned how to play chess from the Persians and when later they invaded the country of Spain, the soldiers brought the game of chess with them and soon the Spanish too started to play chess. The Persian name for chess, shatranj was changed by the Spanish to ajedrez.  From Spain, the game chess quickly spread throughout all of Europe.

 In the Middle Age, chess was a part of noble culture, representing different groups of warriors, and enemy forces, chess was used to teach war strategies and was called the "King‘s Game".

 As the 19th century progressed, chess organization developed quickly. Many chess clubs, chess books and chess journals appeared. There were correspondence chess matches between cities

The first international chess tournament was the London Tourney of 1851, won by Adolf Anderssen from Germany, who then became known unofficially as the world's best chess player.

The first official championship chess tournament was played in 1866, also in London. This tournament was won by Steinitz, a Czechoslovakian Jew, who then became the world's first official chess champion, holding this title until 1894.

Komunitas Penggemar Catur Seluruh Indonesia

Re:Sejarah Asal Usul Permainan Catur
« Jawab #1 pada: Pebruari 05, 2010, 07:43:57 PM »


 



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